Open science and research have become an internationally significant method to promote the coverage and impact of science in the society. In addition to open access (OA), the openness of research refers to opening research data and methods. Research material is open when it can be utilised by everyone online. Digitalisation of research provides new possibilities for co-operation, communication and improving the visibility of scientific research. Openness increases opportunities to advance science and its methods. Active presence online and in social media is essential in scientific communities.
- improves the accessibility of findings and the transparency of research
- speeds up innovations, corporate actions and collaboration
- saves resources
- promotes equality
- makes it possible to bring up new research questions
- helps to develop critical thinking and scientific literacy in the society
The purpose of scientific research is to produce new information for the society’s use, but for the time being, a great deal of research data is difficult to reach by the greater audience. Research studies, especially when funded with public financing, should mainly be open, unless there are, for instance, ethical or juridical reasons to not open certain phases or data of the research. Open research publications and data are increasing due to funder demand, the growing number of OA journals and the generalisation of other methods to support open access, such as publication archives. Openness offers opportunities but also requires researchers to develop new types of research information and process management skills, along with readiness to open their research work and its results.