Skip to main content

Impact of the war in Ukraine on UEF

Mining dump truck on an open-pit mine.

Researchers at the University of Eastern Finland examine what EU citizens know about critical metals and whether this affects their attitudes towards mining activities

Critical metals, such as cobalt and lithium, are essential for the green transition. However, citizens’ awareness of critical raw materials is low, which may affect their attitudes towards, and acceptance of, mining activities.

In ore exploration and mining, social acceptance has become a key challenge for the future of the entire industry.

Tuija Mononen

Senior Researcher, SERM research group's leader