Chronic diseases

This line of research was established in early 1990s. It has been based on controlled dietary interventions to examine the impact of health promoting diet on metabolic responses. The Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (FDPS) was the first controlled long-term intervention trial to show that type 2 diabetes is preventable by changing lifestyle. Research has focused on the quality of dietary fat, dietary fiber and food patterns and recently it has provided important new data of the interactions of genetic background and diet.