The objective of the infrastructure cluster for the forest-based bioeconomy is to bring together and strengthen infrastructure that can be used to:
determine the chemical properties of organic matter found in wood, forest litter and soil,
link the significance of organic matter properties with ecosystem function,
manipulate conditions in which organic matter is produced/decomposed,
carry out research in order to develop processed products from raw products of forests (e.g. biomass pyrolysis equipment at SIB Labs), and
support the use of laboratory and ecosystem-level measurement data in broader fields (remote sensing).
The set of infrastructure comprises the climatic chambers and the growth chambers of the Department of Environmental and Bio-logical Sciences in Kuopio and Joensuu. The climatic chambers allow for diverse and different experimental settings. Furthermore, the Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences leases an experimental site from Botania up until 30 September 2020. The experimental site is used for studying the effects of elevated temperatures and ultraviolet radiation (UV) on the growth and other biological responses of arboreal plants and plants found in the field layer.
The Spectromics Laboratory is the only operating environment in Finland to focus on spectral imaging of plants and other biological materials. Together with the phenotyping unit at the University of Helsinki, it constitutes part of the National Plant Phenotyping Infrastructure (NaPPI), which is part of the European Infrastructure for Multi-scale Plant Phenomics and Simulation (EMPHASIS).
The laboratory’s key equipment comprises imaging units consisting of four different spectral cameras, which enable sample imaging in a wide wavelength range. Furthermore, imaging fluorometers enable plant photosynthesis function on different scales, including in field work and microscopy.
The Infrastructure for the Forest-based Bioeconomy is closely linked to the Infrastructure for Materials Research, which has, e.g., devices that are suitable for the analysis of biomass-based final products, and related research.