General information

Below you can find information about study arrangements, examinations, completion of study modules, the procedure concerning the evaluation of Master's theses and graduation.

Study arrangements

The course descriptions and current timetables are available in WebOodi. Any changes to the timetables or classrooms taking place over the academic year may be announced in WebOodi, and, therefore, students are advised to check WebOodi on a regular basis. Students are required to register for all courses in WebOodi before start of each course.

The Finnish national credit unit, the credit point (opintopiste), is equal to the Europe-wide credit unit, the ECTS, which consists of approximately 24–28 hours of work per credit. Courses may include lectures, seminars, essays and other written work, practical exercises, study excursions and/ or a written examination. Unless otherwise stated, all courses are graded on the following scale: 5 (Excellent), 4 (Very good), 3 (Good), 2 (Satisfactory), 1 (Sufficient) and 0 (Fail). Occasionally, course credits may be awarded with a simple ‘Pass/Fail’ for which there are no numerical or letter grade equivalents.

Examinations at the Department of Geographical and Historical Studies

Course examinations may be scheduled at a date fixed by the course instructor. Sometimes examinations are organised in the classroom according to a regular schedule. Otherwise, students must register to sit an examination on electronic exam. Students must check from their course instructor or from WebOodi the date for an examination. All book examinations are in the electronic exam.

Read more about the electronic exam

Completion of study modules at the Department of Geographical and Historical Studies

In some study programmes, study modules consisting of certain courses will be completed and graded. The grade of a study module is calculated by using the credit-weighted average grade of the courses included in the study module. All of the courses included in the study module must be registered in WebOodi before completing the module. It should be noted that once a course is included in a study module, it can no longer be included in other study modules.

After a student has taken all the courses in a study module (basic studies, intermediate studies or advanced studies) and wishes to register it as completed, the following must be done:

1. Check in WebOodi that all the required courses for the study module are completed. You can log in to WebOodi with your email username and password.
2. Send an e-mail to amanuensis and inform him/her which courses should be included in the study module. The amanuensis will check that all the required courses have been completed.


The Procedure Concerning the Evaluation of Master's Theses

A student should produce his/her Master’s thesis in pdf-format and submit it to the faculty: (Ms. Tuula Honkanen)

The faculty administration will ask the supervisor(s) to propose two examiners to evaluate the thesis and propose the grade. The examiners are assigned by the dean and the student is notified of the decision.

The faculty administration sends the thesis to the examiners who are required to give their statement(s) within a month of being appointed. A student will be informed of the proposed grade before it being finalised – a student has the opportunity to respond to the proposed grade and must inform the faculty if s/he accepts the grade or wishes to withdraw the thesis for improvement/ challenge the grade. If a student accepts the grade, the dean will approve the thesis’ completion. If a student demands a re-examination or in case the examiners do not agree on a grade, the thesis is evaluated by the faculty council. If a student withdraws the thesis for improvement, the procedure is interrupted and the student may continue to work on the thesis.

A Master’s thesis is graded according to a seven-level Latin scale as follows (lowest to highest, with approximate letter equivalents): approbatur (E) / lubenter approbatur (D) / non sine laude approbatur (D+/C-) / cum laude approbatur (C) / magna cum laude approbatur (B) /eximia cum laude approbatur (A) / laudatur (A+).

A student dissatisfied with any decision may seek its rectification according to the instructions attached to the notification letter. 


Theses are published in pdf-format, if the student has given a permission for e-publishing, which is recommended.

Please return two (2) copies of the completed permission form to the Faculty Secretary (Ms. Tuula Honkanen) of the Faculty.


After the student has completed all the required studies for the degree (study modules and theses) he/she may apply for the degree certificate by using an application form. 

The form should be returned to the amanuensis or the secretary of the department. With the degree certificate the student also receive Diploma Supplement and transcript of academic records.

Delivery time for the certificate is three (3) weeks from the point when the last study performance has been registered or from the date the application has been returned.

NB! In rush hour, e.g. at the end of the autumn and spring terms, the delivery time may be longer.

Transcript of academic records

The transcript of academic records is an official document issued by the university (available in both English and Finnish). The transcript includes information on e.g. completed study modules and recognised extra study modules, as well as the awarded grades.


Master’s thesis supervision agreement

Master's thesis evaluation form