Musculoskeletal disorders are the most common cause of pain and incapacity for work in the population. Globally, the effects of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis on public health and the public economy are already significant today, and this development will continue as the population ages.
Research addressing musculoskeletal disorders at the University of Eastern Finland is performed by a compact and multidisciplinary scientific community comprising medical and computational physics, orthopaedics and traumatology, physiatry and biosciences, whose research ranges from basic to applied research and from epidemiology to clinical research. Recognising the risk factors and pathophysiology of osteoporosis, bone fractures, osteoarthritis and disorders affecting the back, and modern imaging and the related modelling of bone and cartilage create the foundations for advanced diagnostics and the assessment of individual prognoses of musculoskeletal disorders. New and innovative diagnosis methods enable cost-efficient care pathways in health care.
- Simple computational models can help predict post-traumatic osteoarthritis
- Many risk factors contribute to worsening of quality of life in people with knee osteoarthritis
- High postural sway doubles older women’s fracture risk
- Adequate protein intake associates with lower risk of frailty
- New cartilage tribology laboratory opens in Kuopio
- Many diseases increase the risks of hip fracture surgery
- Accidents among cyclists, moped drivers and motorcyclists – factors related to injuries and accident statistics
- Simple ligament representations in computational modelling can reproduce subject-specific biomechanical response of knee joint
- Biomechanical responses of chondrocytes are altered before the onset of osteoarthritis
- Assessment of bone after total knee arthroplasty
MEDICAL DOCTORS AND PHYSICISTS GET TO THE BOTTOM OF BONES AND JOINTS
“We are also studying healthy ageing, that is, what kinds of factors contribute to well-being and good functional capacity in senior years," says Professor Heikki Kröger.